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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe long-term outcomes of cats managed medically for cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD) via a validated owner-based questionnaire.

ANIMALS

18 client-owned cats.

PROCEDURES

Retrospective review of medical records at 2 tertiary referral hospitals was conducted for records of cats diagnosed with CCLD for which medical management was pursued. History, physical examination findings, and medical management strategies were recorded. Owner follow-up was obtained via phone call or an email correspondence interview using a 2-part questionnaire. Part 1 consisted of 5 multiple-choice questions evaluating short-term outcomes following initiation of medical management. Part 2 assessed long-term outcomes via the validated Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index—short form metrology instrument.

RESULTS

Mean follow-up time was 66.5 ± 46.7 months (range, 7 to 154 months). Medical management included oral analgesics, activity restriction, and joint supplements. Of the 18 cats, 13 (72%) were always able to bear weight or became weight bearing within a week following initiation of medical management, and 15 (83%) were reportedly clinically normal within 3 months of initiating medical management, with complete resolution of lameness occurring in less than 2 months in 12 of those cats. Long term, 17 of the 18 (94%) owners reported they felt that their cat had a good to excellent outcome with medical management. The mean Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index—short form score of all cats was 0.29 ± 0.53 (range, 0 to 2.13).

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Based on owner follow-up, conservative, nonsurgical management of CCLD can be an effective and appropriate management strategy for some cats; however, some may be best treated with surgical stabilization.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Author: Laura A. Sasser
History and Physical Examination Findings

A 2-year-old 26-kg castrated male Labrador Retriever was presented to a veterinary dental hospital for oral examination, diagnostic imaging, periodontal treatment, and evaluation of a fractured right maxillary fourth premolar tooth. The conscious oral examination confirmed fracture of the right maxillary fourth premolar tooth and revealed clinically normal occlusion, rotated right and left maxillary third premolar teeth, and a supernumerary right maxillary premolar tooth as well as a calculus index of 1, gingival index of 1, and plaque index of 1 on the buccal surfaces of the teeth. No additional abnormalities were noted on physical

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A near-term male Angus calf stillborn from a healthy primiparous cow was found dead, the second similar case in 2 weeks. The farm was located in Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost Brazilian state; held approximately 270 adult cattle, and a moderate tick infestation. This was a closed herd that was vaccinated against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), rabies virus, Clostridium sp, rotavirus, and brucellosis. The calf was submitted for postmortem examination. One month after the stillbirth, the cow was still healthy.

Gross Findings

No ticks were detected on the carcass. The

Restricted access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare pet owners’ and veterinarians’ perceptions of veterinarian-client conversations concerning pet weight and identify challenges related to communication about weight.

SAMPLE POPULATION

Veterinarians (n = 24) and pet owners (27) in southern Ontario, Canada.

PROCEDURES

3 veterinarian and 5 pet owner focus groups were conducted with a semistructured interview format. Thematic analysis of verbatim transcripts was conducted.

RESULTS

Pet owners valued weight as an important health indicator for pets yet did not expect to discuss weight extensively at every appointment. Owners expected veterinarians to provide options and tailor recommendations when discussing weight management. Owners appeared more concerned with underweight animals, whereas veterinarians focused on obese animals. Veterinarians identified communication challenges, including the perception that owners are uninterested in discussing weight and conversations can become adversarial. Veterinarians reported various benefits and challenges of using humor to address pet weight and emphasized that weight-related conversations often depend on the existing veterinarian-client relationship.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Some perceptions of pet owner expectations expressed by veterinarians in this study align with owner preferences, yet several opportunities exist for changes to veterinarians’ approaches to weight-related communication with clients.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
History

A 1-year-old 23.5-kg mixed-breed wether was presented to the University of Florida Large Animal Hospital for neurologic evaluation and imaging. The sheep was presented 5 months earlier as a rescue from an animal hoarding case to the university hospital for evaluation and management of a mildly comminuted, transverse fracture of the right proximal metatarsus, as well as left hindlimb paresis and stifle laxity. On initial evaluation, the sheep was noted to demonstrate a bilaterally absent menace response and a tendency to turn to the left when stimulated. Further neurologic evaluation was not pursued by the rescue while the fracture

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Pancreatitis commonly occurs in humans, dogs, and cats. For both veterinary and human health-care professionals, measurement of serum pancreatic lipase concentration or activity provides useful support for a diagnosis of pancreatitis. In this Currents in One Health manuscript, we will discuss commonly used lipase assays in veterinary medicine, namely catalytic colorimetric and immunological lipase assays. We highlight potential diagnostic pitfalls associated with analytical specificity, assay validation, and sample condition interferences. Catalytic lipase assays may detect extrapancreatic lipases. In addition, we propose a decision tree for interpretation of lipase assays in the context of a clinical patient.

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Swine health experts are two years into a four-year pilot program of developing a playbook against animal diseases. Participation in the program could eventually have animal health and trade implications.

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Advances in herptile husbandry, nutrition, and medicine have greatly improved the health and welfare of pet reptiles and amphibians. And they appear to be an increasingly attractive option for pet owners.

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Veterinary studies recently listed in the AVMA Animal Health Studies Database include a new study from the Comparative Oncology Trials Consortium, which uses results from clinical trials in animals to inform human medicine.

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Over 200 veterinary professionals met virtually with members of Congress this April to garner support for AVMA-backed legislation addressing rural veterinary shortages and the health of imported dogs.

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