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Postoperative outcomes of combined surgery comprising dorsal laminectomy, transarticular screws, pedicle screws and polymethylmethacrylate for dorsal fixation in 21 dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis

Hirofumi Tanoue BVSc, MS1, Masakazu Shimada BVSc, PhD1, Tom Ichinohe BVSc, PhD2, Nobuo Kanno BVSc, PhD1, Shuji Suzuki BVSc, PhD1, Yasuji Harada BVSc, PhD1, and Yasushi Hara BVSc, PhD1
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  • 1 Laboratory of the Veterinary Surgery, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Musashino, Japan
  • | 2 Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Azabu University, Sagamihara-shi, Japan

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To retrospectively review the efficacy of combined surgery comprising dorsal laminectomy and dorsal fixation using screws and polymethylmethacrylate as treatment for dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS).

ANIMALS

21 client owned dogs diagnosed with DLSS and treated surgically.

PROCEDURES

Based on clinical records, signalments, clinical signs, findings from orthopedic and neurological examinations, imaging findings, and postoperative complications were evaluated at the following time points: preoperatively, postoperatively, and 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after surgery.

RESULTS

In all 21 cases, clinical signs were alleviated, proprioceptive deficits were improved from 3 months after surgery, and no recurrence of clinical signs was observed during the observation period. Minor complications were observed in 6 cases (28.6%), including implant failure in 2 (9.5%), delayed healing of surgical wounds in 2 (9.5%), seroma in 1 (4.8%), and swelling of the affected area in 1 (4.8%). There was no case with major complications.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Combined surgery comprising dorsal laminectomy and dorsal fixation using screws and polymethylmethacrylate is a useful treatment that can improve long-term clinical signs in dogs with DLSS.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To retrospectively review the efficacy of combined surgery comprising dorsal laminectomy and dorsal fixation using screws and polymethylmethacrylate as treatment for dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS).

ANIMALS

21 client owned dogs diagnosed with DLSS and treated surgically.

PROCEDURES

Based on clinical records, signalments, clinical signs, findings from orthopedic and neurological examinations, imaging findings, and postoperative complications were evaluated at the following time points: preoperatively, postoperatively, and 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after surgery.

RESULTS

In all 21 cases, clinical signs were alleviated, proprioceptive deficits were improved from 3 months after surgery, and no recurrence of clinical signs was observed during the observation period. Minor complications were observed in 6 cases (28.6%), including implant failure in 2 (9.5%), delayed healing of surgical wounds in 2 (9.5%), seroma in 1 (4.8%), and swelling of the affected area in 1 (4.8%). There was no case with major complications.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Combined surgery comprising dorsal laminectomy and dorsal fixation using screws and polymethylmethacrylate is a useful treatment that can improve long-term clinical signs in dogs with DLSS.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Table S1 (PDF 44 KB)

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author: Dr. Tanoue (tanoue-vet@jcom.home.ne.jp)