• 1.

    Ko JCH, Fox SM, Mandsager RE. Effects of preemptive atropine administration on incidence of medetomidine-induced bradycardia in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2001;218(1):5258.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    van Lieshout JJ, Wieling W, Karemaker JM. Neural circulatory control in vasovagal syncope. Pacing Clin Electrophusiol. 1997;20(3 pt 2):753763.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Odunayo A, Ng ZY, Holford AL. Probable vasovagal reaction following cystocentesis in two cats. JFMS Open Rep. 2015;1(1):2055116915585021. doi: 10.1177/2055116915585021

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Tsai P-S, Chen C-P, Tsai M-S. Perioperative vasovagal syncope focus on obstetric anaesthesia. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;45(3):208214.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Kinsella SM, Tuckey JP. Perioperative bradycardia and asystole: relationship to vasovagal syncope and the Bezold-Jarisch reflex. Br J Anaesth. 2001;86(6):859868.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Mark AL. The Bezold-Jarisch reflex revisited: clinical implications of inhibitory reflexes originating in the heart. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1983;1(1):90102.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Salo LM, Woods RL, Anderson CR, McAllen RM. Nonuniformity in the von Bezold-Jarisch reflex. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007;293(2):R714R720.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Conde Ruiz C, Junot S. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a sevoflurane anaesthetized horse that suffered cardiac arrest at recovery. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:138. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00138

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    McMillan MW, Aprea F, Leece EA. Potential Bezold-Jarisch reflex secondary to a 180° postural change in an anaesthetized dog. Vet Anaesth Analg. 2012;39(5):561562.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Tilley LP. Essentials of Canine and Feline Electrocardiography. 3rd ed. Lea & Febiger; 1992.

  • 11.

    Kittleson MD. Diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias (dysrhythmias). In: Kittleson MD, Kienle RD, eds. Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. Mosby; 1998:149194.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Doxey S, Boswood A. Differences between breeds of dog in a measure of heart rate variability. Vet Rec. 2004;154(23):713718.

  • 13.

    Akata T. General anesthetics and vascular smooth muscle: direct actions of general anesthetics on cellular mechanisms regulating vascular tone. Anesthesiology. 2007;106(2):365391.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Glass PS, Gan TJ, Howell S, Ginsberg B. Drug interactions: volatile anesthetics and opioids. J Clin Anesth. 1997;9(suppl 6):18S22S. doi: 10.1016/S0952–8180(97)00122–0

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Hodgson DS, Dunlop CI, Chapman PL, Grandy JL. Cardiopulmonary effects of anesthesia induced and maintained with isoflurane in cats. Am J Vet Res. 1998;59(2):182185.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Crystal GJ, Salem MR. The Bainbridge and the “reverse” Bainbridge reflexes: history, physiology, and clinical relevance. Anesth Analg. 2012;114(3):520532.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Lawal FM, Adetunji A. A comparison of epidural anaesthesia with lignocaine, bupivacaine and a lignocaine-bupivacaine mixture in cats. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2009;80(4):243246.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Eglen RM. Muscarinic receptor subtypes in neuronal and non-neuronal cholinergic function. Auton Autacoid Pharmacol. 2006;26(3):219233.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Al-Melkkilä T, Kaila T, Antila K, Halkola L, Iisalo E. Effects of glycopyrrolate and atropine on heart rate variability. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1991;35(5):436441.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

Anesthesia Case of the Month

View More View Less
  • 1 Pride Veterinary Centre, Derby, England
  • | 2 Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author: Dr. Torres-Cantó (luciatorrescanto@gmail.com)