• 1.

    Tilley LP. Analysis of canine P-QRS-T deflections. In: Essentials of Canine and Feline Electrocardiography. 3rd ed. Lea & Febiger; 1992:5999.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Oyama MA, Kraus MS, Gelzer AR. Evaluation of the electrocardiogram. In: Rapid Review of ECG Interpretation in Small Animal Practice. 2nd ed. CRC Press; 2020:17.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Kittleson MD, Kienle RD. Drugs used in treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. In: Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. Mosby Inc; 1998:502524.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Tilley LP. Analysis of common canine cardiac arrhythmias. In: Essentials of Canine and Feline Electrocardiography. 3rd ed. Lea & Febiger; 1992:127207.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Dhingra RC, Denes P, Wu D, Chuquimia DR, Rosen KM. The significance of second degree atrioventricular block and bundle branch block: observations regarding site and type of block. Circulation. 1974;49(4):638646.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Kittleson MD, Kienle RD. Diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias (dysrhythmias). In: Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. Mosby Inc; 1998:449494.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Santilli R, Moise NS, Pariaut R, et al. Conduction disorder. In: Electrocardiography of the Dog and Cat. Diagnosis of Arrhythmias. 2nd ed. Edra; 2018:268302.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Kittleson MD, Kienle RD. Electrocardiography: basic concepts, diagnosis of chamber enlargement, and intraventricular conduction disturbances. In: Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. Mosby Inc; 1998:7294.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Narula OS, Scherlag BJ, Samet P, Javier RP. Atrioventricular block: localization and classification by His bundle recordings. Am J Med. 1971;50(2):146165.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Wesselowski S, Cusack K, Gordon SG, Jeffery N, Saunders AB. Artificial cardiac pacemaker placement in dogs with a cohort of myocarditis suspects and association of ultrasensitive cardiac troponin I with survival. J Vet Cardiol. 2019;22:8495.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Winter RL, Saunders AB, Gordon SG, et al. Analytical validation and clinical evaluation of a commercially available high-sensitivity immunoassay for the measurement of troponin I in humans for use in dogs. J Vet Cardiol. 2014;16(2):8189.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Fernández-Lozano I, Brugada J. Right bundle branch block: are we looking in the right direction? Eur Heart J. 2013;34(2):8688.

  • 13.

    Xiang L, Zhong A, You T, Chen J, Xu W, Shi M. Prognostic significance of right bundle branch block for patients with acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Med Sci Monit. 2016;22:9981004.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Eriksson P, Wilhelmsen L, Rosengren A. Bundle-branch block in middle-aged men: risk of complications and death over 28 years. The Primary Prevention Study in Göteborg, Sweden. Eur Heart J. 2005;26(21):23002306.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Santilli R, Moise NS, Pariaut R, et al. Normal sinus rhythms. In: Electrocardiography of the Dog and Cat. Diagnosis of Arrhythmias. 2nd ed. Edra; 2018:9099.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Tilley LP. Uncommon complex arrhythmias. In: Essentials of Canine and Feline Electrocardiography. 3rd ed. Lea & Febiger; 1992:385418.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Dadu RT, McPherson CA. The ventriculophasic response: relationship to sinus arrhythmia and the duration of interposed QRS complexes. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2013;18(4):336343.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

ECG of the Month

View More View Less
  • 1 San Diego Veterinary Cardiology/VCA Emergency Animal Hospital and Referral Center, San Diego, CA

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author: Dr. Cho (yeonjic75@gmail.com)