• 1.

    Petazzoni M. Carpal flexural deformity of puppies and kittens. In: Côté C, ed. Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Dogs and Cats. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2015:162163.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Vaughan LC. Flexural deformity of the carpus in puppies. J Small Anim Pract. 1992;33(8):381384.

  • 3.

    Altunatmaz K, Ozsoy S. Carpal flexural deformity in puppies. Vet Med (Praha). 2006;51(2):7174.

  • 4.

    Miller A. The carpus. In: Houlton JEF, Collinson RW, eds. Manual of Small Animal Arthrology. British Small Animal Veterinary Association; 1994:211233.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Schrader SC. Differential diagnosis of non-traumatic causes of lameness in young growing dogs. In: Bonagura J, ed. Kirk’s Current Veterinary Therapy XII: Small Animal Practice. WB Saunders; 1995:11711180.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Çetinkaya MA, Yardimci C, Sağlam M. Carpal laxity syndrome in forty-three puppies. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2007;20(2):126130.

  • 7.

    Petazzoni M, Mortellaro CM. Sindrome iperflessoria del carpo in un cucciolo di Dalmata: segnalazione di un caso clinico e revisione della letteratura. Veterinaria. 2000;14(2):3340.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Petazzoni M, Nicetto T. Carpal hyperflexion syndrome (hypoextension) in a 2-month-old kitten. Article in Italian. Vet Ital. 2013;27(1):5962.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Allan RM. Bilateral flexural deformity in a six-week-old kitten. J Small Anim Pract. 2017;58(8):480. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12704

  • 10.

    Hermanson JW. The muscular system. Muscles of the thoracic limb. In: Evans HE, de Lahunta A, eds. Miller’s Anatomy of the Dog. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2013:233254.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Johnson JA, Austin C, Breur GJ. Incidence of canine appendicular musculoskeletal disorders in 16 veterinary teaching hospitals from 1980 through 1989. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 1994;7(2):5669.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Smits-Engelsman B, Klerks M, Kirby A. Beighton score: a valid measure for generalized hypermobility in children. J Pediatr. 2011;158(1):119123, 123.e1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.07.021

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Read RA. Carpal laxity syndrome in puppies. In: Proceedings of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress. World Small Animal Veterinary Association; 2011.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

Outcome of rest with or without bandaging for treatment of carpal flexural contracture deformities in puppies: 47 puppies and 75 joints (2000–2018)

View More View Less
  • 1 Clinica Veterinaria Milano Sud, Peschiera Borromeo, Italy
  • | 2 Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
  • | 3 Clinica Veterinaria Villa Felice, Pozzuoli, Naples, Italy
  • | 4 Oakland Small Animal Veterinary Clinic, Newry, Ireland
  • | 5 Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review outcome of dogs with carpal flexural contracture deformities treated with rest alone or with rest and bandaging.

ANIMALS

47 dogs (75 joints).

PROCEDURES

Medical records of dogs with unilateral or bilateral carpal flexural contracture deformities were reviewed, and dogs were grouped according to deformity severity grade (graded on a scale from 1 to 3) at the time of diagnosis. Two treatment groups were compared: rest only and rest with a modified Robert-Jones bandage. All dogs were reevaluated weekly until recovery (ie, resolution of the deformity and lameness).

RESULTS

All dogs responded to conservative management, with all dogs regaining full extension of the antebrachiocarpal joint and ambulating normally at the time of the final visit. Mean ± SD time from initial diagnosis to recovery (ie, resolution of the deformity and lameness) was 2.9 ± 2.2 weeks (median, 2 weeks; range, 1 to 9 weeks). For dogs with grade 1 or 2 severity, mean time to recovery did not differ significantly between treatment groups. For dogs with grade 3 severity, however, mean time to recovery was significantly shorter for dogs treated with rest and bandaging than for dogs treated with rest alone.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results suggested that conservative management (rest alone or rest and bandaging) was a successful treatment option for puppies with carpal flexural contracture deformity and that bandaging resulted in a shorter time to recovery for dogs that were severely affected.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review outcome of dogs with carpal flexural contracture deformities treated with rest alone or with rest and bandaging.

ANIMALS

47 dogs (75 joints).

PROCEDURES

Medical records of dogs with unilateral or bilateral carpal flexural contracture deformities were reviewed, and dogs were grouped according to deformity severity grade (graded on a scale from 1 to 3) at the time of diagnosis. Two treatment groups were compared: rest only and rest with a modified Robert-Jones bandage. All dogs were reevaluated weekly until recovery (ie, resolution of the deformity and lameness).

RESULTS

All dogs responded to conservative management, with all dogs regaining full extension of the antebrachiocarpal joint and ambulating normally at the time of the final visit. Mean ± SD time from initial diagnosis to recovery (ie, resolution of the deformity and lameness) was 2.9 ± 2.2 weeks (median, 2 weeks; range, 1 to 9 weeks). For dogs with grade 1 or 2 severity, mean time to recovery did not differ significantly between treatment groups. For dogs with grade 3 severity, however, mean time to recovery was significantly shorter for dogs treated with rest and bandaging than for dogs treated with rest alone.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Results suggested that conservative management (rest alone or rest and bandaging) was a successful treatment option for puppies with carpal flexural contracture deformity and that bandaging resulted in a shorter time to recovery for dogs that were severely affected.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Table S1 (PDF 135 KB)

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author: Dr. Boudrieau (randy.boudrieau@tufts.edu)