• 1.

    Jumah F, Alkhdour S, Mansour S, et al. Os odontoideum: comprehensive clinical and surgical review. Cureus. 2017;9(8):e1551. doi:10.7759/cureus.1551

  • 2.

    Wang Q, Dong S, Wang F. Os odontoideum: diagnosis and role of imaging. Surg Radiol Anat. 2020;42(2):155160.

  • 3.

    Ladds P, Guffy M, Blauch B, Splitter G. Congenital odontoid process separation in two dogs. J Small Anim Pract. 1971;12(8):463471.

  • 4.

    Slanina MC. Atlantoaxial instability. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2016;46(2):265275.

  • 5.

    White DA, Renberg WC, Roush JK, Hallman MR, Mauler DA, Milliken GA. Flexed radiographic angles for determination of atlantoaxial instability in dogs. Vet Surg. 2019;48(8):14061415.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Klimo P Jr, Kan P, Rao G, Apfelbaum R, Brockmeyer D. Os odontoideum: presentation, diagnosis, and treatment in a series of 78 patients. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008;9(4):332342.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation


What Is Your Neurologic Diagnosis?

View More View Less
  • 1 Division of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author: Dr. Gutierrez-Quintana (rodrigo.gutierrezquintana@glasgow.ac.uk)