What Is Your Neurologic Diagnosis?

Adriana Kaczmarska Division of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK

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Guillaume Leblond Division of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK

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Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana Division of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK

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    Jumah F, Alkhdour S, Mansour S, et al. Os odontoideum: comprehensive clinical and surgical review. Cureus. 2017;9(8):e1551. doi:10.7759/cureus.1551

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    Wang Q, Dong S, Wang F. Os odontoideum: diagnosis and role of imaging. Surg Radiol Anat. 2020;42(2):155160.

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    Ladds P, Guffy M, Blauch B, Splitter G. Congenital odontoid process separation in two dogs. J Small Anim Pract. 1971;12(8):463471.

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    Slanina MC. Atlantoaxial instability. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2016;46(2):265275.

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    White DA, Renberg WC, Roush JK, Hallman MR, Mauler DA, Milliken GA. Flexed radiographic angles for determination of atlantoaxial instability in dogs. Vet Surg. 2019;48(8):14061415.

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    Klimo P Jr, Kan P, Rao G, Apfelbaum R, Brockmeyer D. Os odontoideum: presentation, diagnosis, and treatment in a series of 78 patients. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008;9(4):332342.

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