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The use of biosensors to assess the health of the bee colony superorganism

Joerg Mayer DVM, MSc1
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  • 1 Exotic Animal, Wildlife and Zoo Animal Medicine Service, Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.
Introduction

Honeybees are estimated to be responsible for the pollination of approximately 35% of the world's food crops and used for > 90% of global commercial pollination services. 1 With the introduction of the new Veterinary Feed Directive for honeybees, 2 veterinarians will clearly need to become more involved with the apiary industry and honeybee hobbyist in the management of honeybee colonies. Examining a hive and forming a valid medical opinion about a colony's health require knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of a colony, and specific tools can help veterinarians assess a colony's health status more accurately.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Figure S1 (PDF 324 KB)

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Mayer (mayerj@uga.edu).