• 1. Frizzi M, Ottolini N, Spigolon C, et al. Feline vertebral angiomatosis: two cases. JFMS Open Rep 2017;3:2055116917744127.

  • 2. Wells MY, Weisbrode SE. Vascular malformations in the thoracic vertebrae of three cats. Vet Pathol 1987;24:360361.

  • 3. Hans EC, Dudley RM, Watson AT, et al. Long-term outcome following surgical and radiation treatment of vertebral angiomatosis in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2018;253:16041609.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Jiang L, Liu XG, Yuan HS, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of vertebral hemangiomas with neurologic deficit: a report of 29 cases and literature review. Spine J 2014;14:944954.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Taylor-Brown FE, Lamb CR, Martineau H, et al. Imaging diagnosis—imaging and histopathological characteristics of a vertebral hamartoma in a cat. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2018;59:E12E16.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Sanders SG, Bagley RS, Gavin PR, et al. Surgical treatment of an intramedullary spinal cord hamartoma in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;221:659661.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Wilson RB. Gingival vascular hamartoma in three calves. J Vet Diagn Invest 1990;2:338339.

  • 8. Chanoit G, Mathews KG, Keene BW, et al. Surgical treatment of a pulmonary artery vascular hamartoma in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2012;240:858862.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Kuroki K, Britt LG, Franklin SP, et al. Skeletal-extraskeletal angiomatosis in a dog. Vet Pathol 2010;47:944947.

  • 10. Kim Y, Reinecke S, Malarkey DE. Cutaneous angiomatosis in a young dog. Vet Pathol 2005;42:378381.

  • 11. Smith SH, Van Winkle T. Cerebral vascular hamartomas in five dogs. Vet Pathol 2001;38:108112.

  • 12. Borel N, Grest P, Junge H, et al. Vascular hamartoma in the central nervous system of a foal. J Vet Diagn Invest 2014;26:805809.

  • 13. Benoit J-M, Lefebvre RC, Mulon P-Y, et al. Ovarian vascular hamartoma in a cow. Can Vet J 2005;46:10261028.

  • 14. Ricco C, Bouvy B, Gomes E, et al. Lumbar vertebral angiomatosis in a cat: a clinical case. Rev Med Vet 2015;166:332335.

  • 15. Meléndez-Lazo A, Ros C, de la Fuente C, et al. What Is Your Diagnosis? Vertebral mass in a cat. Vet Clin Pathol 2017;46:185186.

  • 16. Kloc PA, Scrivani PV, Barr SC, et al. Vertebral angiomatosis in a cat. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2001;42:4245.

  • 17. Schur D, Rademacher N, Vasanjee S, et al. Spinal cord compression in a cat due to vertebral angiomatosis. J Feline Med Surg 2010;12:179182.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. Parkes JD, Kline KL, Riedesel EA, et al. A vascular hamartoma arising from the cervical spine of a cat. J Feline Med Surg 2009;11:724727.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Fox MW, Onofrio BM. The natural history and management of symptomatic and asymptomatic vertebral hemangiomas. J Neurosurg 1993;78:3645.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. Summers BA, Cummings JF, de Lahunta A. Tumours of the central nervous system. In: Summers BA, Cummings JF, de Lahunta A, eds. Veterinary neuropathology. St Louis: Mosby, 1995;352.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

What Is Your Neurologic Diagnosis?

Sophie Wyatt BVetMed1 and Elsa Beltran Ldo Vet1
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Veterinary Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hatfield AL9 7TA, England.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Wyatt (swyatt@rvc.ac.uk).