• 1. Hubbard GB, Schmidt RE, Fletcher KC. Neoplasia in zoo animals. J Zoo Wildl Med 1983;14:3340.

  • 2. Karesh WB, Clark JD, Long PH. Fibroma in an American black bear. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1982;181:1408.

  • 3. Munk BA, Turner JC, Keel MK. Mediastinal teratoma in a free-ranging American black bear (Ursus americanus). J Zoo Wildl Med 2013;44:11201122.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Rotstein DS, Govett P, Wolfe B. Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in a North American black bear (Ursus americanus). J Zoo Wildl Med 2005;36:543545.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Storms TN, Beazley SL, Schumacher J, et al. Thyroid cyst-adenoma, colloid goiter, and hypothyroidism in an American black bear (Ursus americanus). J Zoo Wildl Med 2004;35:8287.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Corner S, Walsh T, Padilla L, et al. Histologic and immunohistochemical characterization of pheochromocytomas in 20 clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa). Vet Pathol 2017;54:269276.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Herrera M, Nelson RW. Pheochromocytoma. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. 7th ed. St Louis: Elsevier, 2010;71597181.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Edmondson EF, Bright JM, Halsey CH, et al. Pathologic and cardiovascular characterization of pheochromocytoma-associated cardiomyopathy in dogs. Vet Pathol 2015;52:338343.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Pouchelon JL, Atkins CE, Bussadori C, et al. Cardiovascularrenal axis disorders in the domestic dog and cat: a veterinary consensus statement. J Small Anim Pract 2015;56:537552.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Mandal PC, Bera D, Gupta A, et al. Pheochromocytoma: cath lab opening up the Pandora's box. J Indian Col Card 2015;5:141144.

  • 11. Mobine HR, Baker AB, Wang L, et al. Pheochromocytoma-induced cardiomyopathy is modulated by the synergistic effects of cell-secreted factors. Circ Heart Fail 2009;2:121128.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Mayet J, Hughes A. Cardiac and vascular pathophysiology in hypertension. Heart 2003;89:11041109.

  • 13. Caulkett NA, Cattet MRL. Physiological effects of medeto-midine-zolazepam-tiletamine immobilization in black bears (Ursus americanus). J Wildl Dis 1997;33:618622.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Boswood A. Current use of pimobendan in canine patients with heart disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2010;40:571580.

  • 15. Boyle KL, Leech E. A review of the pharmacology and clinical uses of pimobendan. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2012;22:398408.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Fitton A, Brogden RN. Pimobendan. A review of its pharmacology and therapeutic potential in congestive heart failure. Drugs Aging 1994;4:417441.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17. Mizuno M, Yamano S, Chimura S, et al. Efficacy of pimobendan on survival and reoccurrence of pulmonary edema in canine congestive heart failure. J Vet Med Sci 2017;79:2934.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

Pathology in Practice

View More View Less
  • 1 1Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849
  • | 2 2Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849
  • | 3 3Thompson, Bishop, Sparks State Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory, Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, Auburn, AL 36831
  • | 4 4Noah's Ark, Locust Grove, GA 30248.

Contributor Notes

Dr. Crivolio's present address is Mira Lagos Animal Clinic, Mansfield, TX 76063.

Dr. Henry's present address is Veterinary Specialty Hospital, San Diego, CA 92121.

Dr. George's present address is Hueytown Veterinary Clinic, Hueytown, AL 35023.

Dr. Kottwitz's present address is the College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824.

Ms. Burke was a second and third year veterinary student at the time of the study.

Address correspondence to Dr. Kottwitz (jack_kottwitz@hotmail.com).