• 1. Greene CE, Chandler FW. Candidiasis and rhodotorulosis. In: Greene CE, ed. Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2006;627633.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Moran G, Coleman D, Sullivan D. An introduction to the medically important Candida species. In: Calderone RA, Clancy CJ, eds. Candida and candidiasis. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: ASM Press, 2012;1125.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Kaur R, Domergue R, Zupancic ML, et al. A yeast by any other name: Candida glabrata and its interaction with the host. Curr Opin Microbiol 2005;8:378384.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Pressler BM, Vaden SL, Lane IF, et al. Candida spp. urinary tract infections in 13 dogs and seven cats: predisposing factors, treatment, and outcome. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2003;39:263270.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Jin Y, Lin D. Fungal urinary tract infections in the dog and cat: a retrospective study (2001-2004). J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2005;41:373381.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Bradford K, Meinkoth J, McKeirnen K, et al. Candida peritonitis in dogs: report of 5 cases. Vet Clin Pathol 2013;42:227233.

  • 7. Rogers CL, Gibson C, Mitchell SL, et al. Disseminated candidiasis secondary to fungal and bacterial peritonitis in a young dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2009;19:193198.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Szabo EK, MacCallum DM. The contribution of mouse models to our understanding of systemic candidiasis. FEMS Microbiol Lett 2011;320:18.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Silva S, Negri M, Henriques M, et al. Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis and Candida tropicalis: biology, epidemiology, pathogenicity and antifungal resistance. FEMS Microbiol Rev 2012;36:288305.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Fidel PL Jr, Vazquez JA, Sobel JD. Candida glabrata: review of epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical disease with comparison to C. albicans. Clin Microbiol Rev 1999;12:8096.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11. Brito EH, Brilhante RS, Cordeiro RA, et al. PCR-AGE, automated and manual methods to identify Candida strains from veterinary sources: a comparative approach. Vet Microbiol 2009;139:318322.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Ellepola AN, Morrison CJ. Laboratory diagnosis of invasive candidiasis. J Microbiol 2005;43:6584.

  • 13. Franchimont D. Overview of the actions of glucocorticoids on the immune response: a good model to characterize new pathways of immunosuppression for new treatment strategies. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1024:124137.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Thompson CA, Rebar AH. Body cavity fluids. In: Raskin RE, Meyer DL, eds. Canine and feline cytology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2016;191219.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Stockham SL, Scott MA. Urinary system. In: Fundamentals of veterinary clinical pathology. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell, 2008;415494.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Stockham SL, Scott MA. Leukocytes. In: Fundamentals of veterinary clinical pathology. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell, 2008;53106.

  • 17. Stockham SL, Scott MA. Proteins. In: Fundamentals of veterinary clinical pathology. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell, 2008;369413.

  • 18. Stockham SL, Scott MA. Erythrocytes. In: Fundamentals of veterinary clinical pathology. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell, 2008;107221.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Rex JH, Rinaldi MG, Pfaller MA. Resistance of Candida species to fluconazole. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1995;39:18.

  • 20. Eksi F, Gayyurhan D, Balci I. In vitro susceptibility of Candida species to four antifungal agents assessed by the reference broth microdilution method. Sci World J 2013;2013:236903.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21. Hitchcock CA, Pye GW, Troke PF, et al. Fluconazole resistance in Candida glabrata. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1993;37:19621965.

  • 22. Ong RK, Raisis AL, Swindells KL. Candida albicans peritonitis in a dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2010;20:143147.

  • 23. Burgess HJ, Gaunt MK. Pathology in Practice. Peritonitis caused by Candida albicans in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2014;245:11071109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

Pathology in Practice

Cornelia Gilroy DVM, MVSc1, Oriana Raab DVM, MVSc2, and Paul Hanna DVM, MSc1
View More View Less
  • 1 1Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada
  • | 2 2Department of Companion Animals, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Gilroy (cgilroy@upei.ca).