• 1. Fubini SL. Intraabdominal and retroperitoneal abscesses. In: Fubini SL, Ducharme NG, eds. Farm animal surgery. 2nd ed. St Louis: Elsevier, 2017;332.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Fecteau G. Management of peritonitis in cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2005;21:155171.

  • 3. Desrochers A, St-Jean G, Anderson DE, et al. Comparative evaluation of two surgical scrub preparations in cattle. Vet Surg 1996;25:336341.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Hanzen C, Théron L, Detilleux J. Réalisation de la césarienne dans l'éspece bovine en Europe: l'intervention et ses consequences. Bull GTV 2011;62:6172.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Dumas SE, French HM, Lavergne SN, et al. Judicious use of prophylactic antimicrobials to reduce abdominal surgical site infections in periparturient cows: part 1—a risk factor review. Vet Rec 2016;178:654660.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Bédard S, Desrochers A, Fecteau G, et al. Comparison of four protocols for preoperative preparation in cattle. Can Vet J 2001;42:199203.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Bourel C, Buczinski S, Desrochers A, et al. Comparison of two surgical site protocols for cattle in a field setting. Vet Surg 2013;42:223228.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Roy JP, Harvey D, Bélanger AM, et al. Comparison of 2-step laparoscopy-guided abomasopexy versus omentopexy via right flank laparotomy for the treatment of dairy cows with left displacement of the abomasum in on-farm settings. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232:17001706.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Ahern BJ, Richardson DW. Surgical site infection and use of antimicrobials. In: Auer JA, Stick JA, eds. Equine surgery. 4th ed. St Louis: Elsevier-Saunders, 2012;6884.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Mangram AJ, Horan TC, Pearson ML, et al. Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection, 1999. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Am J Infect Control 1999;27:97132, quiz 133–134, discussion 196.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11. Fecteau G. Peritonitis in ruminant. In: Smith BP, ed. Large animal internal medicine. 5th ed. St Louis: Elsevier-Mosby, 2015;807810.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Braun U. Ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal tract in cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2009;25:567590.

  • 13. Buczinski S. Examen échographique de l'appareil digestif et du péritoine. In: Buczinski S, DesCôteaux L, eds. Échographie des bovins. Paris: Les Éditions du Point Vétérinaire 2009;7093.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Blond L, Buczinski S. Basis of ultrasound imaging and the main artifacts in bovine medicine. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2009;25:553565.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Buczinski S, Bourel C, Bélanger AM. Ultrasonographic determination of body wall thickness at standing left laparotomy site in dairy cows. Vet Rec 2010;166:204205.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Buczinski S, Bourel C, Bélanger AM. Ultrasonographic assessment of standing laparotomy wound healing in dairy cows. Res Vet Sci 2012;93:478483.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17. Stashak TS, Theoret CL. Wound healing, management, and reconstruction. In: Orsini JA, Divers TJ, eds. Equine emergencies: treatment and procedures. 3rd ed. St Louis: Saunders-Elsevier, 2008;198.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. Capitán Manjón C, Tejido Sánchez A, Piedra Lara JD, et al. Retroperitoneal abscesses—analysis of a series of 66 cases. Scand J Urol Nephrol 2003;37:139144.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Hahn A, D'Agostino J, Cole GA, et al. Retroperitoneal abscesses in two western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). J Zoo Wildl Med 2014;45:179183.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. Chai N, Hazan T, Wedlarski R, et al. Treatment of a retroperitoneal abscess by omentalization in an orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus). J Zoo Wildl Med 2009;40:350353.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21. Marvel SJ, MacPhail CM. Retroperitoneal abscesses in seven dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2013;49:378384.

  • 22. Johnston DE, Christie BA. The retroperitoneum in dogs: anatomy and clinical significance. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 1990;12:10271033.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. Huang S-H, Lo W-O, Lin C-M, et al. Retroperitoneal abscess: 7-year experience of 29 cases in a tertiary care center in Taiwan. Urol Sci 2015;26:218221.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24. Ioannidis O, Kakoutis E, Katsifa H, et al. Streptococcus mutans: a rare cause of retroperitoneal abscess. Adv Med Sci 2011;56:113118.

  • 25. Altemeier WA, Alexander JW. Retroperitoneal abscess. Arch Surg 1961;83:512524.

  • 26. Fubini SL, Ducharme NG, Erb HN, et al. A comparison in 101 dairy cows of right paralumbar fossa omentopexy and right paramedian abomasopexy for treatment of left displacement of the abomasum. Can Vet J 1992;33:318324.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27. Pentecost RL, Niehaus AJ, Anderson DE, et al. Outcome following surgical correction of abomasal displacement in lactating dairy cattle: a retrospective study of 127 cases (1999–2010). J Vet Sci Anim Husb 2014;2:1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28. Newman KD. Bovine cesarean section in the field. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2008;24:273293 (vi.).

  • 29. Newman KD, Anderson DE. Cesarean section in cows. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2005;21:73100.

  • 30. Newman KD. Bovine cesarean sections: risk factors and outcomes. In: Anderson DE, Rings DM, eds. Current veterinary therapy: food animal practice. 5th ed. St Louis: Elsevier-Saunders, 2009;372382.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31. Constable PD, Hinchcliff KW, Done SH, et al. Retroperitoneal abscess (internal abdominal abscess, chronic peritonitis, and omental bursitis). In: Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and goats. 11th ed. St Louis: Elsevier, 2017;270271.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32. Foster D. Disorders of rumen distension and dysmotility. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2017;33:499512.

  • 33. Roland L, Drillich M, Iwersen M. Hematology as a diagnostic tool in bovine medicine. J Vet Diagn Invest 2014;26:592598.

  • 34. Russell KE, Roussel AJ. Evaluation of the ruminant serum chemistry profile. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2007;23:403426.

  • 35. Don BR, Kaysen G. Serum albumin: relationship to inflammation and nutrition. Semin Dial 2004;17:432437.

  • 36. Brook I, Frazier EH. Aerobic and anaerobic microbiology of retroperitoneal abscesses. Clin Infect Dis 1998;26:938941.

  • 37. Brook I. Microbiology and management of abdominal infections. Dig Dis Sci 2008;53:25852591.

  • 38. Jost BH, Billington SJ. Arcanobacterium pyogenes: molecular pathogenesis of an animal opportunist. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2005;88:87102.

  • 39. Ribeiro MG, Risseti RM, Bolanos CA, et al. Trueperella pyogenes multispecies infections in domestic animals: a retrospective study of 144 cases (2002 to 2012). Vet Q 2015;35:8287.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40. Shelly MP, Robinson AA, Hesford JW, et al. Haemodynamic effects following surgical release of increased intra-abdominal pressure. Br J Anaesth 1987;59:800805.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 41. Topham J. Sugar for wounds. J Tissue Viability 2000;10:8689.

  • 42. Tovey F. Honey and sugar as a dressing for wounds and ulcers. Trop Doct 2000;30:1.

Advertisement

Clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome for cattle that developed retroperitoneal abscesses following paralumbar fossa laparotomy: 32 cases (1995–2017)

Salvatore Ferraro1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by Salvatore Ferraro in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV
,
André Desrochers1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by André Desrochers in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV, MS
,
Sylvain Nichols1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by Sylvain Nichols in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV, MS
,
David Francoz1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by David Francoz in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV, MSc
,
Marie Babkine1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by Marie Babkine in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV, MSc
,
Hélène Lardé1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by Hélène Lardé in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV, MSc
,
Jean-Philippe Roy1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by Jean-Philippe Roy in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV, MSc
, and
Gilles Fecteau1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC J2S 2M2, Canada.

Search for other papers by Gilles Fecteau in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DMV

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the clinical and clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment, and outcome for cattle that developed a retroperitoneal abscess (RA) following paralumbar fossa laparotomy (PFL).

ANIMALS

32 Holstein cows with RA.

PROCEDURES

The record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched to identify cattle that were treated for an RA between January 1995 and March 2017. Cattle with an RA > 30 cm in diameter located 3.5 cm subjacent to the skin that had undergone a PFL < 3 months before examination for the RA were evaluated. Information extracted from the record of each cow included signalment; physical examination, clinicopathologic, and transabdominal ultrasonographic findings; treatments administered; and outcome. Milk production data were analyzed for the lactations before, during, and after RA treatment.

RESULTS

Common physical examination findings were rumen hypomotility, anorexia, and fever, and common clinicopathologic findings were anemia and neutrophilia. Abdominal palpation per rectum and transabdominal ultrasonography facilitated RA diagnosis and identification of the optimal location for drainage. Thirty of 32 cows underwent surgical drainage of the RA and prolonged administration of systemic antimicrobials. Two cows were euthanized because of concurrent peritonitis, including 1 that underwent surgical RA drainage. Thirty cows were discharged from the hospital alive, and most returned to their previous level of milk production.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Although uncommon, RA should be suspected in cows that develop anorexia and fever within 3 months after PFL. Cows with RA often returned to their previous level of milk production, but treatment was generally prolonged and costly.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the clinical and clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment, and outcome for cattle that developed a retroperitoneal abscess (RA) following paralumbar fossa laparotomy (PFL).

ANIMALS

32 Holstein cows with RA.

PROCEDURES

The record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched to identify cattle that were treated for an RA between January 1995 and March 2017. Cattle with an RA > 30 cm in diameter located 3.5 cm subjacent to the skin that had undergone a PFL < 3 months before examination for the RA were evaluated. Information extracted from the record of each cow included signalment; physical examination, clinicopathologic, and transabdominal ultrasonographic findings; treatments administered; and outcome. Milk production data were analyzed for the lactations before, during, and after RA treatment.

RESULTS

Common physical examination findings were rumen hypomotility, anorexia, and fever, and common clinicopathologic findings were anemia and neutrophilia. Abdominal palpation per rectum and transabdominal ultrasonography facilitated RA diagnosis and identification of the optimal location for drainage. Thirty of 32 cows underwent surgical drainage of the RA and prolonged administration of systemic antimicrobials. Two cows were euthanized because of concurrent peritonitis, including 1 that underwent surgical RA drainage. Thirty cows were discharged from the hospital alive, and most returned to their previous level of milk production.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Although uncommon, RA should be suspected in cows that develop anorexia and fever within 3 months after PFL. Cows with RA often returned to their previous level of milk production, but treatment was generally prolonged and costly.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Desrochers (andre.desrochers@umontreal.ca).