• 1. Niederwerder MC, Stoian AMM, Rowland RRR, et al. Infectious dose of African swine fever virus when consumed naturally in liquid or feed [published online ahead of print Feb 13, 2019]. Emerg Infect Dis 2019; doi: 10.3201/eid2505.181495.

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  • 2. Dee SA, Bauermann F, Niederwerder MC, et al. Survival of viral pathogens in animal feed ingredients under transboundary shipping models. PLoS One 2018;13:e0194509.

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  • 3. Swine Health Information Center. Feed ingredient safety. Available at: www.swinehealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Feed-Ingredient-Safety.pdf. Accessed Dec 26, 2018.

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  • 4. Dee SA, Neill C, Singrey A, et al. Modeling the transboundary risk of feed ingredients contaminated with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus. BMC Vet Res 2016;12:51.

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Risks to animal health associated with imported feed ingredients

Gilbert Patterson VMD, MPH1, Megan C. Niederwerder DVM, PhD2, and Scott A. Dee DVM, PhD3
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  • 1 1Center for Animal and Human Health in Appalachia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, TN 37752.
  • | 2 2Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506.
  • | 3 3Pipestone Veterinary Services, 1300 S Hwy 75, Pipestone, MN 56164.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Patterson (gilbert.patterson@lmunet.edu).