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  • 2. Dee SA, Bauermann F, Niederwerder MC, et al. Survival of viral pathogens in animal feed ingredients under transboundary shipping models. PLoS One 2018;13:e0194509.

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  • 3. Swine Health Information Center. Feed ingredient safety. Available at: www.swinehealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Feed-Ingredient-Safety.pdf. Accessed Dec 26, 2018.

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  • 4. Dee SA, Neill C, Singrey A, et al. Modeling the transboundary risk of feed ingredients contaminated with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus. BMC Vet Res 2016;12:51.

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Risks to animal health associated with imported feed ingredients

Gilbert Patterson1Center for Animal and Human Health in Appalachia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, TN 37752.

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 VMD, MPH
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Megan C. Niederwerder2Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506.

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 DVM, PhD
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Scott A. Dee3Pipestone Veterinary Services, 1300 S Hwy 75, Pipestone, MN 56164.

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 DVM, PhD

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Patterson (gilbert.patterson@lmunet.edu).