• 1. Jonsen AR, Alexander S, Swazey JP, et al. Special supplement: the birth of bioethics. Hastings Cent Rep 1993;23:S1S4.

  • 2. Evans JH. Theological retreat and the emergence of the bioethical profession. In: The history and future of bioethics: a sociological view. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012:3374.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Fox E, Myers S, Pearlman RA. Ethics consultation in United States hospitals: a national survey. Am J Bioeth 2007;7:1325.

  • 4. Hamric AB, Wocial LD. Institutional ethics resources: creating moral spaces. Hastings Cent Rep 2016;46:S22S27.

  • 5. Prince AE, Cadigan RJ, Whipple W, et al. Membership recruitment and training in health care ethics committees: results from a national pilot survey. AJOB Empir Bioeth 2017;8:161169.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Rosoff P, Moga J, Keene B, et al. Resolving ethical dilemmas in a tertiary care veterinary specialty hospital: adaptation of the human clinical consultation committee model. Am J Bioeth 2018;18:4153.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Larkin M. For human needs, some veterinary clinics are turning to a professional: social workers see a place for themselves in veterinary practice. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2016;248:812.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. World Organisation for Animal Health. Guidelines for a Model Core Veterinary Curriculum. Available at www.oie.int/Veterinary_Education_Core_Curriculum.pdf. Accessed Feb 28, 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Jonsen AR, Siegler M, Winslade WJ. Clinical ethics. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education LLC, 2010;18.

  • 10. Kahler SC. Moral stress the top trigger in veterinarians’ compassion fatigue: veterinary social worker suggests redefining veterinarians’ ethical responsibility. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2015;246:1618.

    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11. Bearup BJ. Pets: property and the pardigm of protection. J Anim Law 2007;3:173191.

  • 12. Cochrane A. Ownership and justice for animals. Utilitas 2009;21:424442.

  • 13. Tannenbaum J. Animals and the law: property, cruelty, rights. Soc Res (New York) 1995;62:539607.

  • 14. National Center for Ethics in Health Care. Ethics consultation: responding to ethics questions in health care. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: US Department of Veterans Affairs, 2015;156.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Fletcher JC, Siegler M. What are the goals of ethics consultation? A consensus statement. J Clin Ethics 1996;7:122126.

  • 16. Tarzian AJ, ASBH Core Competencies Update Task Force 1. Health care ethics consultation: an update on core competencies and emerging standards from the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities’ core competencies update task force. Am J Bioeth 2013;13:313.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17. Beauchamp TL, Childress JF. Moral principles. In: Biomedical ethics. 7th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012;57272.

  • 18. Cuckler GA, Sisko AM, Poisal JA, et al. National health expenditure projections, 2017–26: despite uncertainty, fundamentals primarily drive spending growth. Health Aff (Millwood) 2018;37:482492.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Singer P. Speciesism and moral status. Metaphilosophy 2009;40:567581.

  • 20. Oxford English Dictionary. Available at: www.oed.com. Accessed Feb 28, 2018.

  • 21. Rollin BE. Euthanasia, moral stress, and chronic illness in veterinary medicine. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2011;41:651659.

  • 22. Nunalee MMM, Weedon GR. Modern trends in veterinary malpractice: how our evolving attitudes toward nonhuman animals will change veterinary medicine. Anim Law 2004;10:125162.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. Hankin SJ. Making decisions about our animals’ health care: does it matter whether we are owners or guardians? Stanf J Anim Law Policy 2009;2:251.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24. Kondrup SV, Anhoj KP, Rodsgaard-Rosenbeck C, et al. Veterinarian's dilemma: a study of how Danish small animal practitioners handle financially limited clients. Vet Rec 2016;179:596604.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25. Kinnison T. When veterinary teams are faced with clients who can't afford to pay. Vet Rec 2016;179:594595.

  • 26. Hsuan C, Horwitz JR, Ponce NA, et al. Complying with the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA): challenges and solutions. J Healthc Risk Manag 2018;37:3141.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27. Laurentine KA, Bramstedt KA. Too poor for transplant: finance and insurance issues in transplant ethics. Prog Transplant 2010;20:178185.

  • 28. North American Specialty Insurance Company v. John Paul Pucek, David Fogg, Brett Setzer, and Robert L. Edwards. F 3rd: United States Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit, 2013;1179.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29. Emanuel EJ, Ubel PA, Kessler JB, et al. Using behavioral economics to design physician incentives that deliver high-value care. Ann Intern Med 2016;164:114119.

  • 30. Schroeder SA, Frist W. Phasing out fee-for-service payment. N Engl J Med 2013;368:20292032.

  • 31. Shih T, Chen LM, Nallamothu BK. Will bundled payments change health care? Circulation 2015;131:21512158.

  • 32. Coleman P. Man['s best friend] does not live by bread alone: imposing a duty to provide veterinary care. Anim Law 2005;12:731.

  • 33. People v. Arroyo. NYS2d: Criminal Court, City of New York, Kings County, 2004;836.

  • 34. Crimes Relating to Animals; Abuse or Neglect of Animal, Subtitle 6, Section 10–604. Maryland Criminal Code. US, 2010.

  • 35. Rollin BE. An ethicist's commentary on the case of a client who won't euthanize a suffering foal. Can Vet J 2000;41:830831.

  • 36. Rollin BE. Oncology and ethics. Reprod Domest Anim 2003;38:5053.

  • 37. What is acceptable? Vet Rec 2015;176:87.

  • 38. Henrich NJ, Dodek PM, Alden L, et al. Causes of moral distress in the intensive care unit: a qualitative study. J Crit Care 2016;35:5762.

  • 39. Whitehead PB, Herbertson RK, Hamric AB, et al. Moral distress among healthcare professionals: report of an institution-wide survey. J Nurs Scholarsh 2015;47:117125.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40. Tran L, Crane MF, Phillips JK. The distinct role of performing euthanasia on depression and suicide in veterinarians. J Occup Health Psychol 2014;19:123132.

  • 41. Wocial L, Ackerman V, Leland B, et al. Pediatric ethics and communication excellence (PEACE) rounds: decreasing moral distress and patient length of stay in the PICU. HEC Forum 2017;29:7591.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 42. Akabayashi A, Slingsby BT, Nagao N, et al. An eight-year follow-up national study of medical school and general hospital ethics committees in Japan. BMC Med Ethics 2007;8:8.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 43. Bruce CR, Peña A, Kusin BB, et al. An embedded model for ethics consultation: characteristics, outcomes, and challenges. AJOB Empir Bioeth 2014;5:818.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 44. Dowdy MD, Robertson C, Bander JA. A study of proactive ethics consultation for critically and terminally ill patients with extended lengths of stay. Crit Care Med 1998;26:252259.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 45. Schneiderman LJ. Effect of ethics consultations in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 2006;34:S359S363.

  • 46. Schneiderman LJ, Gilmer T, Teetzel HD. Impact of ethics consultations in the intensive care setting: a randomized, controlled trial. Crit Care Med 2000;28:39203924.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 47. Smith ML, Weise KL. The goals of ethics consultation: rejecting the role of “ethics police”. Am J Bioeth 2007;7:4244.

  • 48. Fins JJ, Kodish E, Cohn F, et al. A pilot evaluation of portfolios for quality attestation of clinical ethics consultants. Am J Bioeth 2016;16:1524.

  • 49. Kodish E, Fins JJ, Braddock C, et al. Quality attestation for clinical ethics consultants: a two-step model from the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Hastings Cent Rep 2013;43:2636.

    • Crossref
    • PubMed
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 50. American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Core competencies for healthcare ethics consultation. 2nd ed. Glenview, Ill: American Society for Bioethics and Humanities, 2011.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Advertisement

Clinical ethics consultation in a tertiary care veterinary teaching hospital

Christopher A. AdinDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Christopher A. Adin in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM
,
Jeannine L. MogaVeterinary Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Jeannine L. Moga in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 MA, MSW
,
Bruce W. KeeneDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Bruce W. Keene in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, MVSc
,
Callie A. FogleDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Callie A. Fogle in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 MVSc
,
Heather R. HopkinsonVeterinary Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Heather R. Hopkinson in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Charity A. WeyhrauchVeterinary Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Charity A. Weyhrauch in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Steven L. MarksDepartment of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.

Search for other papers by Steven L. Marks in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 BVSc, MS
,
Rachel J. RudermanNorth Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, Durham, NC 27705.

Search for other papers by Rachel J. Ruderman in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Philip M. RosoffVeterinary Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.
Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, the Trent Center for Bioethics, Humanities and History of Medicine, and the Duke University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710.

Search for other papers by Philip M. Rosoff in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 MD, MA

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Adin (adinc@uf.edu).

Dr. Adin's present address is Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610.