• 1. Trent AM. Surgery of the abomasum. Agri-Pract 1992; 13: 1214.

  • 2. Biffani S, Morandi N, Locatelli V, et al. Adding evidence for a role of the SLITRK gene family in the pathogenesis of left displacement of the abomasum in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. Livest Sci 2014; 167: 104109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Parker Gaddis KL, Cole JB, Clay JS, et al. Genomic selection for producer-recorded health event data in US dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci 2014; 97: 31903199.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Koeck A, Miglior F, Jamrozik J, et al. Genetic associations of ketosis and displaced abomasum with milk production traits in early first lactation of Canadian Holsteins. J Dairy Sci 2013; 96: 46884696.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Trought V. Operation for repositioning of the abomasum. Vet Rec 1957; 69: 315.

  • 6. Wood C, Allison CJ. Displacement of the bovine abomasum. Vet Rec 1957; 69: 385386.

  • 7. Gabel AA, Heath RB. Correction and right-sided omentopexy in treatment of left-sided displacement of the abomasum in dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1969; 155: 632641.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Baird AN. Bovine gastrointestinal surgery. In: Hendrickson DA, Baird AN, eds. Turner and McIlwraith's techniques in large animal surgery. 4th ed. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, 2013; 211233.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Fubini SL, Ducharme NG, Erb HN, et al. A comparison in 101 dairy cows of right paralumbar fossa omentopexy and right paramedian abomasopexy for treatment of left displacement of the abomasum. Can Vet J 1992; 33: 318324.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Trent AM. Surgery of the abomasum. In: Fubini SL, Ducharme NG, eds. Farm animal surgery. St Louis: Saunders, 2004; 196240.

  • 11. Grymer J, Sterner KE. Percutaneous fixation of left displaced abomasum, using a bar suture. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1982; 180: 14581461.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Janowitz H. Laparoskopische reposition und fixation des nach links verlagerten labmagens beim rind. Tierarztl Prax 1998; 26: 308313.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13. Christiansen K. Laparoskopisch kontrollierte operation des nach links verlagerten labmagens (Janowitz-Operation) ohne ablegen des patienten. Tierarztl Prax 2004; 32: 118121.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Mulon PY, Babkine M, Desrochers A. Ventral laparoscopic abomasopexy in 18 cattle with displaced abomasum. Vet Surg 2006; 35: 347355.

  • 15. Bartlett PC, Kopcha M, Coe PH, et al. Economic comparison of the pyloro-omentopexy vs the roll-and-toggle procedure for treatment of left displacement of the abomasums in dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1995; 206: 11561162.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Petty RD. Surgical correction of left displaced abomasum in cattle: a retrospective study of 143 cases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981; 178: 12741276.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17. Sterner KE, Grymer J, Bartlett PC, et al. Factors influencing the survival of dairy cows after correction of left displaced abomasums. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008; 232: 15211529.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. Reynen JL, Kelton DF, LeBlanc SJ, et al. Factors associated with survival in the herd for dairy cows following surgery to correct left displaced abomasum. J Dairy Sci 2015; 98: 38063813.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. Kelton DF, Garcia J, Guard CL, et al. Bar suture (toggle pin) vs open surgical abomasopexy for treatment of left displaced abomasum in dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1988; 193: 557559.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. Tithof PK, Rebhun WC. Complications of blind-stich abomasopexy: 20 cases (1980–1985). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1986; 189: 14891492.

  • 21. St Jean G, Constable PD, Hull BL, et al. Abomasal volvulus in cattle following correction of left displacement by casting and rolling. Cornell Vet 1989; 79: 345351.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22. Sams AE, Fubini SL. Primary repair of abomasal fistulae resulting from right paramedian abomasopexy in eight adult dairy cows. Vet Surg 1993; 22: 190193.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. Kelton DF, Fubini SL. Pyloric obstruction after toggle-pin fixation of left displaced abomasum in a cow. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1989; 194: 677682.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24. Wittek T, Fürll M, Grosche A. Peritoneal inflammatory response to surgical correction of left displaced abomasum using different techniques. Vet Rec 2012; 171: 594.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25. Roussel AJ, Brumbaugh GW, Waldron RC, et al. Abomasal and duodenal motility in yearling cattle after administration of prokinetic drugs. Am J Vet Res 1994; 55: 111115.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26. Wallace CE. Left abomasal displacement—a retrospective study of 315 cases. Bovine Pract 1975; 10: 5058.

  • 27. Baird AN, Harrison S. Surgical treatment of left displaced abomasum. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2001; 23: S102S114.

Advertisement

Comparison of omentopexy versus pyloro-omentopexy for treatment of left abomasal displacement in dairy cows: 87 cases (2001–2005)

Aubrey N. Baird DVM, MS1, Ahmed Mohamed BVSc, PhD2, George E. Moore DVM, PhD3, and Jan F. Hawkins DVM4
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.
  • | 2 Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.
  • | 3 Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.
  • | 4 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate reproductive performance and productive longevity of dairy cows treated for left displaced abomasum (LDA) with 1 of 2 surgical techniques (omentopexy vs pyloro-omentopexy).

DESIGN Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS 87 Holstein cows that underwent omentopexy or pyloro-omentopexy for LDA during a 5-year period.

PROCEDURES For each cow with LDA, the most recent date of calving, age at time of surgery, and surgical procedure were recorded. Dairy records of cows treated for LDA in the 5-year period were reviewed to determine their reproductive performance. Records available for up to 4 years after the last surgery (ie, when all treated cows had left the herd) were reviewed to determine cull dates and reasons for treated and untreated cows in the herd.

RESULTS Of the 87 cows with LDA, 58 underwent pyloro-omentopexy and 29 underwent omentopexy. Cows in the 2 treatment groups did not significantly differ in age. Fifty-six cows completed > 1 subsequent lactation cycle after surgery. The median time that cows with LDA remained in the herd was 566 days (range, 24 to 1,838 days); the times for the 2 treatment groups did not significantly differ. For treated and untreated cows, cull rates for reproductive failure or other problems were similar. Four (14%) omentopexy–treated cows and no pyloro-omentopexy–treated cows had a reoccurrence of LDA.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that cows with LDA that underwent omentopexy or pyloro-omentopexy had similar cull rates and reasons as unaffected herd mates over their productive time in the herd. Between the 2 treatment groups, only the LDA reoccurrence rate differed.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate reproductive performance and productive longevity of dairy cows treated for left displaced abomasum (LDA) with 1 of 2 surgical techniques (omentopexy vs pyloro-omentopexy).

DESIGN Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS 87 Holstein cows that underwent omentopexy or pyloro-omentopexy for LDA during a 5-year period.

PROCEDURES For each cow with LDA, the most recent date of calving, age at time of surgery, and surgical procedure were recorded. Dairy records of cows treated for LDA in the 5-year period were reviewed to determine their reproductive performance. Records available for up to 4 years after the last surgery (ie, when all treated cows had left the herd) were reviewed to determine cull dates and reasons for treated and untreated cows in the herd.

RESULTS Of the 87 cows with LDA, 58 underwent pyloro-omentopexy and 29 underwent omentopexy. Cows in the 2 treatment groups did not significantly differ in age. Fifty-six cows completed > 1 subsequent lactation cycle after surgery. The median time that cows with LDA remained in the herd was 566 days (range, 24 to 1,838 days); the times for the 2 treatment groups did not significantly differ. For treated and untreated cows, cull rates for reproductive failure or other problems were similar. Four (14%) omentopexy–treated cows and no pyloro-omentopexy–treated cows had a reoccurrence of LDA.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that cows with LDA that underwent omentopexy or pyloro-omentopexy had similar cull rates and reasons as unaffected herd mates over their productive time in the herd. Between the 2 treatment groups, only the LDA reoccurrence rate differed.

Contributor Notes

Dr. Mohamed's present address is Department of Biological Sciences, College of Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606.

Address correspondence to Dr. Baird (abaird@purdue.edu).