• 1. Marques ALA, Simões SVD, Maia LA, et al. Compressão medular em bovinos associada à vacinação contra febre aftosa. Ciencia Rural 2012; 10: 18511854.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. McAllister MM, O'Toole D, Griggs KJ. Myositis, lameness, and paraparesis associated with use of an oil-adjuvant bacterin in beef cows. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1995; 207: 936938.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. O'Toole D, McAllister MM, Griggs K. Iatrogenic compressive lumbar myelopathy and radiculopathy in adult cattle following injection of an adjuvanted bacterin into loin muscle: histopathology and ultrastructure. J Vet Diagn Invest 1995; 7: 237244.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. O'Toole D, Steadman L, Raisbeck M, et al. Myositis, lameness, and recumbency after use of water-in-oil adjuvanted vaccines in near-term beef cattle. J Vet Diagn Invest 2005; 17: 2331.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Ubiali DG, Cruz RAS, Lana MVC, et al. Spinal cord compression in cattle after the use of an oily vaccine. Pesqui Vet Bras 2011; 31: 997999.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. De Lahunta A, Divers TJ. Neurologic diseases. In: Divers TJ, Peek SF, eds. Rebhun's diseases of dairy cattle. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2008; 504560.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Maxie MG, Youssef S. Nervous system. In: Maxie MG, ed. Jubb, Kennedy, and Palmer's pathology of domestic animals. Vol 3. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2007; 281457.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW, et al. Diseases of the nervous system. In: Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW, et al, eds. Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2007; 574620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Zachary JF. Nervous system. In: Zachary JF, McGavin MD, eds. Pathologic basis of veterinary disease. 5th ed. St Louis: Elsevier, 2012; 771870.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Atkinson JP. Transverse myelopathy secondary to injection of penicillin. J Pediatr 1969; 75: 867869.

  • 11. Bacci R, Mathis I, Baduini G. Acute transverse myelopathy caused by penicillin injection. Eur Neurol 1975; 13: 555559.

  • 12. Kleinman NR, Kier AB, Diaconu E, et al. Posterior paresis induced by Freund's adjuvant in guinea pigs. Lab Anim Sci 1993; 43: 364366.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13. Orell SR. Subcutaneous granulomata following inoculation of influenza vaccine. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 1962; 56: 127134.

  • 14. Hendrick MJ, Dunagan CA. Focal necrotizing granulomatous panniculitis associated with subcutaneous injection of rabies vaccine in cats and dogs: 10 cases (1988–1989). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1991; 198: 304305.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Aucouturier J, Dupuis L, Ganne V. Adjuvants designed for veterinary and human vaccines. Vaccine 2001; 19: 26662672.

  • 16. Dalsgaard K. Adjuvants. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 1987; 17: 145152.

  • 17. Gupta RK, Relyveldt EH, Lindblad EB, et al. Adjuvants—a balance between toxicity and adjuvanticity. Vaccine 1993; 11: 293306.

Advertisement

Pathology in Practice

View More View Less
  • 1 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
  • | 2 Athens Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.
  • | 3 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
  • | 4 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
  • | 5 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
  • | 6 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
  • | 7 Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Rissi (rissi@uga.edu).