• 1. McCown JL, Lechner ES, Cooke KL. Suspected albuterol toxicosis in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008; 232: 11681171.

  • 2. Santilli RA, Perego M. Genesi e interpretazione delle onde elettrocardiografiche. In: Elettrocardiografia del cane e del gatto. Milano, Italy: Elsevier Inc, 2009; 3946.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Tilley LP, Smith FW. Electrocardiography. In: Tilley LP, Smith FW, Oyama M, et al, eds. Manual of canine and feline cardiology. 4th ed. St Louis: Elsevier, 2008; 4977.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Hung CH, Chu DM, Wang CL, et al. Hypokalemia and salbutamol therapy in asthma. Pediatr Pulmonol 1999; 27: 2731.

  • 5. Matos J, Jenni S, Fischer N, et al. Myocardial damage and paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia in a dog after albuterol intoxication. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2012; 154: 302305.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Chen WC, Zeng ZR, Wu CF. Clinical significance of bifid T waves. Jpn Circ J 1986; 50: 232237.

  • 7. Detweiler DK. The dog electrocardiogram: a critical review. In: MacFarlane P, Veitch Lawrie TD, eds. Comprehensive electrocardiology: theory and practice in health and disease. Vol 2. Oxford, England: Pergamon Press, 1989; 12681329.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Calabrò MP, Barberi I, La Mazza A, et al. Bifid T waves in leads V2 and V3 in children: a normal variant. Ital J Pediatr 2009; 35:17.

  • 9. Surawicz B. U-wave: facts, hypotheses, misconceptions, and misnomers. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1998; 9: 11171128.

  • 10. Schwartz PJ, Garson A Jr, Paul T, et al. Guidelines for the interpretation of the neonatal electrocardiogram. A task force of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur Heart J 2002; 23: 13291344.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11. Fletcher GF, Balady GJ, Amsterdam EA, et al. Exercise standards for testing and training: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2001; 104: 16941740.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12. Udezue E, D'Souza L, Mahajan M. Hypokalemia after normal doses of neubulized albuterol (salbutamol). Am J Emerg Med 1995; 13: 168171.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13. Vite CH, Gfeller RW. Suspected albuterol intoxication in a dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 1994; 4: 713.

Advertisement

ECG of the Month

Giovanni Romito DVM1, Etienne Côté DVM, DACVIM2, and Oriol Domenech DVM, MS3
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Cardiology, Istituto Veterinario di Novara, Granozzo con Monticello, Italy, 28060.
  • | 2 Department of Companion Animals, Atlantic Veterinary College, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada.
  • | 3 Department of Cardiology, Istituto Veterinario di Novara, Granozzo con Monticello, Italy, 28060.

Contributor Notes

The authors thank Drs. Kristine Yee and Michael Shehata for assistance with ECG interpretation.

Address correspondence to Dr. Romito (giovannisbru@libero.it).