• 1. Biberstein ELHirsh DC. Filamentous bacteria: Actinomyces, Nocardia, Dermatophilus, and Streptobacillus. In: Hirsh DCMacLachlan NJWalker RL, eds. Veterinary microbiology 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing, 2004 215222.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Ribeiro MGSalerno TMattos-Guaraldi ALet al. Nocardiosis: an overview and additional report of 28 cases in cattle and dogs. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2008 50 177185.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Bawa BBai JWhitehair Met al. Bovine abortion associated with Nocardia farcinica. J Vet Diagn Invest 2010 22 108111.

  • 4. Saito SNishimura TKamata Het al. Bovine stillbirth due to Nocardia farcinica. J Vet Med Sci 2009 71 16651668.

  • 5. Braun USchweizer GGerspach Cet al. Clinical findings in 11 cattle with abscesses in the thoracic vertebrae. Vet Rec 2003 152 782784.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Frederick JDMackay RJWinter MDet al. Vertebral osteomyelitis with abscessation in a Holstein calf. Vet Rec 2009 164 723724.

  • 7. Bradney IW. Vertebral osteomyelitis due to Nocardia. Aust Vet J 1985 62 315316.

  • 8. De Lahunta A. Large animal spinal cord disease. In: De Lahunta A. Veterinary neuroanatomy and clinical neurology 2nd ed. St Louis: Saunders, 1983 215233.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. De Lahunta ADivers TJ. Neurologic diseases. In: Divers TJPeek SF, eds. Rebhun's diseases of dairy cattle 2nd ed. St Louis: Elsevier Saunders, 2008 504560.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Beef Quality Assurance National Dairy Beef Quality Assurance Producers manual.

Advertisement

Pathology in Practice

Chelsea E. Correa DVM1,2, Robert B. Moeller Jr DVM, DACVP3, John M. Adaska DVM, PhD, DACVP4, Kristin A. Clothier DVM, PhD, DACVM5, and Patricia C. Blanchard DVM, PhD, DACVP6
View More View Less
  • 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA 91766.
  • | 2 Animal Specialty Group, 4641 Colorado Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90039.
  • | 3 Tulare Laboratory, California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, 18830 Rd 112, Tulare, CA 93274.
  • | 4 Tulare Laboratory, California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, 18830 Rd 112, Tulare, CA 93274.
  • | 5 Davis Laboratory, California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616.
  • | 6 Tulare Laboratory, California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, 18830 Rd 112, Tulare, CA 93274.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Correa (Chelco09@gmail.com).