ECG of the Month

Reid K. Nakamura Advanced Veterinary Care Center, 15926 Hawthorne Blvd, Lawndale, CA 90260.

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 DVM, DACVECC
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Danielle L. Yuhas Advanced Veterinary Care Center, 15926 Hawthorne Blvd, Lawndale, CA 90260.

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 DVM, DACVIM

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Nakamura (r.kiyoshi.nakamura@gmail.com).
  • 1.

    Tilley LP. Analysis of common canine cardiac arrhythmias. In: Tilley LP, ed. Essentials of canine and feline electrocardiography: interpretation and treatment. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1992, 127207.

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  • 2.

    Olgin JE, Zipes DP. Specific arrhythmias: diagnosis and treatment. In: Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, et al, eds. Braunwald's heart disease: a textbook of cardiovascular medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, 2005, 803863.

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  • 3.

    Lazzara R, El-Sherif N, Scherlag BJ. Disorders of cellular electrophysiology produced by ischemia of the canine His bundle. Circ Res 1975; 36: 444454.

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  • 4.

    Winckels SKG, Thomsen MB, Oosterhoff P, et al. High-septal pacing reduces ventricular electrical remodeling and proarrhythmia in chronic atrioventricular block dogs. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007; 50: 906913.

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  • 5.

    Neuberger HR, Schotten U, Verheule S, et al. Development of a substrate of atrial fibrillation during chronic atrioventricular block in the goat. Circulation 2005; 111: 3037.

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  • 6.

    Lin Y-S, et al. Atrial enlargement in symptomatic heart block patients with preserved left ventricular function: possibly related to atrioventricular dyssynchrony. Int J Cardiol 2011; 148: 280284.

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  • 7.

    Parsonnet AE, Miller R. Heart block: the influence of ventricular systole upon the auricular rhythm in complete and incomplete heart block. Am Heart J 1944; 27: 676687.

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  • 8.

    Rosenbaum MB, Lepeschkin E. The effect of ventricular systole on auricular rhythm in auriculoventricular block. Circulation 1955; 11: 240261.

  • 9.

    Levy MN, Edelstein J. The mechanism of synchronization in isorhythmic AV dissociation, II: clinical studies. Circulation 1970; 42: 689699.

  • 10.

    De Marchena E, Colvin-Adams M, Esnard J, et al. Ventriculophasic sinus arrhythmia in the orthotopic transplanted heart: mechanism of disease revisted. Int J Cardiol 2003; 91: 7174.

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  • 11.

    Schrope DP, Kelch WJ. Signalment, clinical signs, and prognostic indicators associated with high-grade second or third-degree atrioventricular block in dogs: 124 cases (January 1, 1997-December 31, 1997). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006; 228: 17101717.

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  • 12.

    Oyama MA, Sisson DD, Lehmkuhl LB. Practices and outcome of artificial cardiac pacing in 154 dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2001; 15: 229239.

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  • 13.

    Wess G, Thomas WP, Berger DM, et al. Applications, complications and outcomes of transvenous pacemaker implantation in 105 dogs (1997–2002). J Vet Intern Med 2006; 20: 877884.

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