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Pathology in Practice

Sarah D. Cramer DVM1, Brad L. Njaa DVM, MVSc, DACVP2, Suzanne G. Genova DVM3, and John N. Gilliam MS, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP4
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  • 1 Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.
  • | 2 Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.
  • | 3 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.
  • | 4 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.
History

An 18-month-old approximately 320-kg (704-lb) Braunvieh-cross heifer was evaluated at the Oklahoma State University Boren Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital because of a 3-day history of inability to rise from a recumbent position.

Clinical and Gross Findings

At the initial evaluation, the heifer was in lateral recumbency and unable to maintain a sternal position or to lift its head. Physical examination revealed a body condition score of 3/9. Rectal temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate were within reference limits. A large, firm mass was present on the ventral aspect of the neck at the level of the thoracic inlet, and

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Cramer (sarah.cramer@okstate.edu).