• 1.

    Gregory CR. Proventricular dilatation syndrome. In: Ritchie BW, eds. Avian viruses: function and control. Lake Worth, Fla: Wingers Publishing, 1995;439450.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Gregory CR, Ritchie BW, Latimer KS, et al. Experimental transmission of psittacine proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) and preliminary characterization of a virus recovered from birds with naturally occurring and experimentally induced PDD. Available at: www.vet.uga.edu/vpp/ivcvm/1998/gregory/index.php. Accessed Mar 9, 2009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Berhane Y, Smith DA, Newman S, et al. Peripheral neuritis in psittacine birds with proventricular dilatation disease. Avian Pathol 2001;30:563570.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Honkavuori KS, Shivaprasad HL, Williams BL, et al. Novel borna virus in psittacine birds with proventricular dilatation disease. Emerg Infect Dis 2008;14:18831886.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Daoust P-Y, Julian RJ, Yason CV, et al. Proventricular impaction associated with nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis and ganglio-neuritis in two Canada geese. J Wildl Dis 1991;27:513517.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Perpiñán D, Fernández-Bellon H, López C, et al. Lymphoplasmacytic myenteric, subepicardial, and pulmonary ganglioneuritis in four nonpsittacine birds. J Avian Med Surg 2007;21:210214.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Rossi G, Crosta L, Pesaro S. Parrot proventricular dilation disease (lett). Vet Rec 2008;163:310.

  • 8.

    Kistler AL, Gancz A, Clubb S, et al. Recovery of divergent avian bornaviruses from cases of proventricular dilatation disease: identification of a candidate etiologic agent. Virol J 2008;5:88.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Langlois I. The anatomy, physiology, and diseases of the avian proventriculus and ventriculus. Vet Clin Exot Anim 2003;6:85111.

  • 10.

    Dennison SE, Paul-Murphy JR, Adams WM. Radiographic determination of proventricular diameter in psittacine birds. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232:709714.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Gregory CR, Latimer KS, Campagnoli RP, et al. Histologic evaluation of the crop for diagnosis of proventricular dilatation syndrome in psittacine birds. J Vet Diagn Invest 1996;8:7680.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Schmidt R, Reavill DR, Phalen DN. Pathology of pet and aviary birds. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State Press, 2003:56,4950,167,174175.

  • 13.

    Clubb SL. Proventricular dilatation disease. Available at: www.cyberparrots.com/pdd.html. Accessed Apr 1, 2009.

Advertisement

Pathology in Practice

Sarah A. ColletteDepartment of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

Search for other papers by Sarah A. Collette in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 BS
,
Rita McManamonDepartment of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

Search for other papers by Rita McManamon in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM
,
Raquel R. RechDepartment of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

Search for other papers by Raquel R. Rech in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD, DACVP
, and
Elizabeth W. HowerthDepartment of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.

Search for other papers by Elizabeth W. Howerth in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, PhD, DACVP

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Howerth (howerth@uga.edu).