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Knowledge gaps impacting the development of bovine viral diarrhea virus control programs in the United States

Julia F. Ridpath PhD1 and Robert W. Fulton DVM, PhD, DACVM2
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  • 1 Virus and Prion Diseases of Livestock Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, USDA, Agriculture Research Service, Ames, IA 50010.
  • | 2 Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.

Infections with BVDVs result in major economic losses for beef and dairy producers worldwide.1–6 The success of control efforts in Scandinavia7–9 has led to a consensus that BVDV eradication in Europe is a realistic goal.10–14 However, European researchers report that it is not possible to take a 1-size-fits-all approach to the design of eradication programs for different countries.14 Program design would vary depending on the incidence of BVDV infections, density of animal populations, movement of animals, contact of cattle with wildlife populations, level of producer compliance, and variation among circulating BVDV strains.

Contributor Notes

Dr. Ridpath's present address is Virus and Prion Diseases of Livestock Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center/ARS/USDA, PO Box 70, 2300 Dayton Ave, Ames, IA 50010.

Dr. Ridpath presently receives support from South Dakota State University, Cattle Stats, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Alpaca Research Foundation, and IDEXX Laboratories.

Dr. Fulton presently receives support from Pfizer Animal Health, National Animal Diseases Center, IDEXX Laboratories, Elanco Animal Health, and Pfizer Animal Health.

Mention of trade names or commercial products in this article is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the USDA.

Address correspondence to Dr. Ridpath (julia.ridpath@ars.usda.gov).