• 1.

    Dibartola SP, Morais HA. Disorders of potassium: hypokalemia and hyperkalemia. In: Dibartola SP, ed. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base disorders in small animal practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Inc, 2006;91121.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Kogika MM, Morais HA. Hyperkalemia: a quick reference. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2008;38:477480.

  • 3.

    Fujise H, Higa K, Nakayama T, et al. Incidence of dogs possessing red blood cells with high K in Japan and East Asia. J Vet Med Sci 1997;59:495497.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Hall TL, Barnes A, Miller JR, et al. Neonatal mortality following transfusion of red cells with high plasma potassium levels. Transfusion 1993;33:606609.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Smith HM, Farrow SJ, Ackermann JD, et al. Cardiac arrest associated with hyperkalemia during red blood cell transfusion: a case series. Anesth Analg 2008;106:10621069.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Lobe TE, Karkera MS, Custer MD, et al. Fatal refractory hyperkalemia due to tumor lysis during primary resection for hepatoblastoma. J Pediatr Surg 1990;25:249250.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Jona JZ. Progressive tumor necrosis and lethal hyperkalemia in a neonate with saccrococcygeal teratoma (SCT). J Perinatol 1999;19:538540.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    McLure HA. Operative tumour handling and hyperkalemia. Anaesthesia 2000;55:12221223.

  • 9.

    Baeksgaard L, Sorensen JB. Acute tumor lysis syndrome in solid tumors—a case report and review of the literature. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2003;51:187192.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Lee MH, Cheng KI, Jang RC, et al. Tumour lysis syndrome developing during an operation. Anaesthesia 2007;62:8587.

  • 11.

    Marenco JP, Nervi A, White AC. ARDS associated with tumour lysis syndrome in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chest 1998;113:550552.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Vickery KR, Thamm DH. Successful treatment of acute tumor lysis syndrome in a dog with multicentric lymphoma. J Vet Intern Med 2007;21:14011404.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Cairo MS, Bishop M. Tumour lysis syndrome: new therapeutic strategies and classification. Br J Haematol 2004;127:311.

  • 14.

    Cohen LF, Balow JE, Magrath IT, et al. Acute tumor lysis syndrome. A review of 37 patients with Burkitt's lymphoma. Am J Med 1980;68:486491.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    McCroskey RD, Mosher DF, Spencer CD, et al. Acute tumor lysis syndrome and treatment response in patients treated for refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia with short course, high-dose cytosine arabinoside, cisplatin, and etoposide. Cancer 1990;66:246250.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Sparano J, Ramirez M, Wiernik PH. Increasing recognition of corticosteroid-induced tumor lysis syndrome in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Cancer 1990;65:10721073.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Yang H, Rosove MH, Figlin RA. Tumor lysis syndrome occurring after administration of rituximab in lymphoproliferative disorders: high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Am J Hematol 1999;62:247250.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Schifter T, Cohen A, Lewinski UH. Severe tumor lysis syndrome following splenic irradiation. Am J Hematol 1999;60:7576.

  • 19.

    Farley-Hills E, Byrne AJ, Brennan L, et al. Tumour lysis syndrome during anesthesia. Paediatr Anaesth 2001;11:233236.

  • 20.

    Altman A. Acute tumor lysis syndrome. Semin Oncol 1962;109:639653.

  • 21.

    Laing EJ, Carter RF. Acute tumor lysis syndrome following treatment of canine lymphoma. J Vet Intern Med 1988;24:691696.

  • 22.

    Page RL. Acute tumor lysis syndrome. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Anim) 1986;1:5860.

  • 23.

    Page RL, Leifer CE, Matus RE. Uric acid and phosphorus excretion in dogs with lymphosarcoma. Am J Vet Res 1986;47:910912.

  • 24.

    Ettinger PO, Regan TJ, Oldewurtel HA. Hyperkalemia, cardiac conduction, and the electrocardiogram. Am Heart J 1974;88:360369.

  • 25.

    Tag TL, Day TK. Electrocardiographic assessment of hyperkalemia in dogs and cats. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2008;18:6167.

  • 26.

    Surawicz B. Relationships between electrocardiogram and electrolytes. Am Heart J 1967;73:814831.

Advertisement

Anesthesia Case of the Month

Amandeep S. Chohan BVSc&AH, MVSc1 and Stephen A. Greene DVM, MS, DACVA2
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164.
  • | 2 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164.
History

A 7.5-year-old 27.5-kg (60.5-lb) castrated male Boxer was referred to the Washington State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation and treatment of an abdominal mass. The patient had a 1-month history of exercise intolerance and had developed swelling of the left tarsal joint that resolved following administration of amoxicillin and prednisolone prescribed by the referring veterinarian. The owner reported that the dog had become incontinent and leaked urine when lying down or shifting position. The dog also had hematuria, but the owner reported no straining during urination or defecation, no change in frequency of urination, and no vomiting or

Contributor Notes

The authors thank Drs. Tamara Grubb and Robert D. Keegan for input in preparation of this manuscript.

Address correspondence to Dr. Chohan.