• 1.

    Toal RL, Walker MA, Henry GA. A comparison of real-time ultrasound, palpation and radiography in preganancy detection and litter size determination in the bitch. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1986;27:102108.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Darvelid AW, Linde-Forsberg C. Dystocia in the bitch: a retrospective study of 182 cases. J Small Anim Pract 1994;35:402407.

  • 3.

    Farrow CS, Morgan JP, Story EC. Late term fetal death in the dog: early radiographic diagnosis. J Am Vet Radiol Soc 1976;17:1117.

  • 4.

    Connolly PB. Reproductive behavior problems. In: Horwitz D, Mills D, Heath S, eds. BSVA manual of canine and feline behavior medicine. Gloucester, England: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2002;128143.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Beaver B. Abnormal maternal behavior. In: Canine behavior: a guide for veterinarians. Philadelphia: Elsevier-Saunders, 1999;230231.

  • 6.

    Jackson PGG. Dystocia in the dog and cat. In: Handbook of veterinary obstetrics. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier-Saunders, 2004;141166.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Johnston JD, Kustritz MVR, Olson PNS. Canine gestation. In: Canine and feline theriogenology. Philadelphia: Elsevier-Saunders, 2001;66104.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Fox MW. Maternal aggression in the dog. Vet Rec 1964;76:754.

Advertisement

Theriogenology Question of the Month

Shannon P. Holmes DVM, MS, DACVR1, Mushtaq A. Memon BVSc, PhD, DACT2, and Cheryl L. Fite DVM, MS3
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164.
  • | 2 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164.
  • | 3 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164.

Contributor Notes

Dr. Holmes' present address is Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610.

Address correspondence to Dr. Memon.