Effect of preoperative administration of erythromycin or flunixin meglumine on postoperative abomasal emptying rate in dairy cows undergoing surgical correction of left displacement of the abomasum

Thomas Wittek Medizinische Tierklinik der Universität Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

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Katja Tischer Medizinische Tierklinik der Universität Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

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Tobias Gieseler Medizinische Tierklinik der Universität Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

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Manfred Fürll Medizinische Tierklinik der Universität Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

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Peter D. Constable Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.

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 BVSc, PhD, DACVIM

Abstract

Objective—To determine whether preoperative administration of erythromycin or flunixin meglumine altered postoperative abomasal emptying rate, rumen contraction rate, or milk production in dairy cattle undergoing surgical correction of left displacement of the abomasum (LDA).

Design—Nonrandomized, controlled clinical trial.

Animals—45 lactating Holstein-Friesian cows with LDA.

Procedures—Cows were alternately assigned to an erythromycin (10 mg/kg [4.5 mg/lb], IM), flunixin (2.2 mg/kg [1.0 mg/lb], IV), or control group (n = 15/group). Treatments were administered once 1 hour before surgical correction of LDA. D-Xylose solution (50%; 0.5 g/kg [0.23 g/lb]) was injected into the abomasal lumen during surgery, and venous blood samples were periodically obtained to determine time to maximum serum D-xylose concentration.

Results—Abomasal emptying rate was significantly faster in cows treated with erythromycin (mean ± SD time to maximum serum D-xylose concentration, 149 ± 48 minutes) than in control cows (277 ± 95 minutes) but was not significantly different between cows treated with flunixin (230 ± 49 minutes) and control cows. Cows treated with erythromycin had significantly greater milk production, relative to production before surgery, on postoperative days 1 and 2 than did control cows. Cows in the erythromycin and flunixin groups had a significantly higher rumen contraction rate on the first postoperative day than did control cows.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results suggested that preoperative administration of a single dose of erythromycin increased abomasal emptying rate, rumen contraction rate, and milk production in the immediate postoperative period in cows undergoing surgical correction of LDA.

Abstract

Objective—To determine whether preoperative administration of erythromycin or flunixin meglumine altered postoperative abomasal emptying rate, rumen contraction rate, or milk production in dairy cattle undergoing surgical correction of left displacement of the abomasum (LDA).

Design—Nonrandomized, controlled clinical trial.

Animals—45 lactating Holstein-Friesian cows with LDA.

Procedures—Cows were alternately assigned to an erythromycin (10 mg/kg [4.5 mg/lb], IM), flunixin (2.2 mg/kg [1.0 mg/lb], IV), or control group (n = 15/group). Treatments were administered once 1 hour before surgical correction of LDA. D-Xylose solution (50%; 0.5 g/kg [0.23 g/lb]) was injected into the abomasal lumen during surgery, and venous blood samples were periodically obtained to determine time to maximum serum D-xylose concentration.

Results—Abomasal emptying rate was significantly faster in cows treated with erythromycin (mean ± SD time to maximum serum D-xylose concentration, 149 ± 48 minutes) than in control cows (277 ± 95 minutes) but was not significantly different between cows treated with flunixin (230 ± 49 minutes) and control cows. Cows treated with erythromycin had significantly greater milk production, relative to production before surgery, on postoperative days 1 and 2 than did control cows. Cows in the erythromycin and flunixin groups had a significantly higher rumen contraction rate on the first postoperative day than did control cows.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results suggested that preoperative administration of a single dose of erythromycin increased abomasal emptying rate, rumen contraction rate, and milk production in the immediate postoperative period in cows undergoing surgical correction of LDA.

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