Epidemiologic features of Campylobacter infection among cats in the upper midwestern United States

Jeffrey B. Bender Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Search for other papers by Jeffrey B. Bender in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM, MS, DACVPM
,
Stephanie A. Shulman Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Search for other papers by Stephanie A. Shulman in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 DVM
,
Gary A. Averbeck Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Search for other papers by Gary A. Averbeck in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 MS
,
Gayle C. Pantlin Department of Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Search for other papers by Gayle C. Pantlin in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Bert E. Stromberg Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Search for other papers by Bert E. Stromberg in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
 PhD

Abstract

Objective—To describe the epidemiologic features of Camp-ylobacter infection among cats in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area.

Design—Prevalence survey.

Animals—152 cats examined at 3 private veterinary clinics and an animal humane society.

Procedures—Fecal samples were submitted for bacterial culture for Campylobacter spp. To determine the duration of Campylobacter carriage, follow-up fecal samples were collected from cats with positive Campylobacter culture results.

ResultsCampylobacter organisms were cultured from 37 of the 152 (24%) fecal samples. Campylobacter isolates were identified as Campylobacter upsaliensis (29 cats), Campylobacter jejuni (2), and Campylobacter coli (1); species of the remaining 5 isolates could not be determined. Campylobacter organisms were isolated from 36 of the 122 (30%) cats that were ≤ 1 year old but from only 1 of the 30 (3%) cats that were > 1 year old, and shedding was more common during the summer and fall months. No association between Campylobacter shedding and clinical signs of disease was identified. For 4 of 13 cats from which follow-up fecal samples were obtained, duration of Campylobacter carriage could not be determined because Campylobacterorganisms were isolated from all follow-up samples. For the remaining 9 cats, median duration of Campylobacter carriage was 44 days.

Conclusions and Clinical RelevanceC upsaliensis can commonly be isolated from the feces of overtly healthy kittens in the Midwest United States. Because carriage may be prolonged, veterinarians should encourage good hand hygiene among owners of cats, especially among owners with new kittens in their household. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;226:544–547).

Abstract

Objective—To describe the epidemiologic features of Camp-ylobacter infection among cats in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area.

Design—Prevalence survey.

Animals—152 cats examined at 3 private veterinary clinics and an animal humane society.

Procedures—Fecal samples were submitted for bacterial culture for Campylobacter spp. To determine the duration of Campylobacter carriage, follow-up fecal samples were collected from cats with positive Campylobacter culture results.

ResultsCampylobacter organisms were cultured from 37 of the 152 (24%) fecal samples. Campylobacter isolates were identified as Campylobacter upsaliensis (29 cats), Campylobacter jejuni (2), and Campylobacter coli (1); species of the remaining 5 isolates could not be determined. Campylobacter organisms were isolated from 36 of the 122 (30%) cats that were ≤ 1 year old but from only 1 of the 30 (3%) cats that were > 1 year old, and shedding was more common during the summer and fall months. No association between Campylobacter shedding and clinical signs of disease was identified. For 4 of 13 cats from which follow-up fecal samples were obtained, duration of Campylobacter carriage could not be determined because Campylobacterorganisms were isolated from all follow-up samples. For the remaining 9 cats, median duration of Campylobacter carriage was 44 days.

Conclusions and Clinical RelevanceC upsaliensis can commonly be isolated from the feces of overtly healthy kittens in the Midwest United States. Because carriage may be prolonged, veterinarians should encourage good hand hygiene among owners of cats, especially among owners with new kittens in their household. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;226:544–547).

Advertisement