Advertisement

Failure of holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser lithotripsy in two horses with calculi in the urinary bladder

Kimberly A. May DVM, MS, DACVS1,2, R. Scott Pleasant DVM, MS, DACVS3, Rick D. Howard DVM, PhD, DACVS4, H. David Moll DVM, MS, DACVS5, Katja F. Duesterdieck Dr med vet6, Charles G. MacAllister DVM, DACVIM7, and Kenneth E. Bartels DVM, MS8
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia- Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061.
  • | 2 Present address is Surgi-Care Center for Horses, 511 E Bloomingdale Ave, Brandon, FL 33511.
  • | 3 Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia- Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061.
  • | 4 Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia- Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061.
  • | 5 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.
  • | 6 Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia- Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061.
  • | 7 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.
  • | 8 Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078.