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Use of orally administered carfentanil prior to isoflurane-induced anesthesia in a Kodiak brown bear

Khursheed R. Mama DVM, DACVA1, Eugene P. Steffey VMD, PhD, DACVA2, and Stephen J. Withrow DVM, DACVS, DACVIM3
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  • 1 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523.
  • | 2 Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.
  • | 3 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523.