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Evaluation of a dual-purpose contrast medium for radiography and ultrasonography of the small intestine in dogs

Jiwon Kang DVM1, Donghyun Oh DVM1, Jeongwoo Choi DVM1, Kyeonga Kim DVM1, Junghee Yoon DVM, PhD1, and Mincheol Choi DVM, PhD1
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  • 1 College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate a contrast medium that could be used for radiographic and ultrasonographic assessment of the small intestine in dogs.

ANIMALS

8 healthy adult Beagles.

PROCEDURES

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC; 0.5% solution) was combined with iohexol (300 mg of iodine/mL) to yield modified contrast medium (MCM). Dogs were orally administered the first of 3 MCMs (10 mL/kg [9.5 mL of CMC/kg plus 0.5 mL of iohexol/kg]). Radiographic and ultrasonographic assessment of the small intestine followed 10 minutes after administration and every 10 minutes thereafter, until MCM was seen within the ascending colon. Minimally, 1 week elapsed between dosing of subsequent MCMs (10 mL/kg [9 mL of CMC/kg plus 1 mL of iohexol/kg and 8.5 mL of CMC/kg plus 1.5 mL of iohexol/kg]) and repeated radiography and ultrasonography.

RESULTS

Radiographic contrast enhancement of the small intestine was best with MCM that combined 8.5 mL of CMC/kg and 1.5 mL of iohexol/kg. Mean small intestinal transit time for all MCMs was 86 minutes. All MCMs did not interfere with ultrasonographic assessment of the small intestine and may have improved visualization of the far-field small intestinal walls.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

An MCM that combined 8.5 mL of 0.5% CMC/kg and 1.5 mL of iohexol/kg could be an alternative to barium or iohexol alone for contrast small intestinal radiography in dogs, especially when abdominal ultrasonography is to follow contrast radiography.

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to Dr. Mincheol Choi (mcchoi@snu.ac.kr).