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Assessment of corneal thickness, intraocular pressure, optical corneal diameter, and axial globe dimensions in Miniature Horses

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  • 1 Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, D-208 Veterinary Medical Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314.
  • | 2 Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, D-208 Veterinary Medical Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314.
  • | 3 Pesent address is TheAnimal Ophthalmology Center, 2245 Mount Hope Rd, Okemos, MI 48864.
  • | 4 Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, D-208 Veterinary Medical Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1314.

Abstract

Objective—To determine corneal thickness, intraocular pressure (IOP), and horizontal and vertical corneal diameter (HCD and VCD) and to obtain axial measurements of the anterior chamber depth (ACD), crystalline lens thickness (CLT), vitreous chamber depth (VtCD), and axial globe length (AGL) in eyes of Miniature Horses.

Animals—41 healthy Miniature Horses.

Procedure—Ocular component measurements were obtained via ultrasonic pachymetry, applanation tonometry, ultrasound, and by use of a Jameson caliper.

Results—Mean IOP and corneal thickness for all eyes were 26.0 mm Hg and 785.6 µm, respectively. There was no correlation of age with IOP or corneal thickness and no difference in these variables between right and left eyes or between females and males. Mean HCD and VCD were 25.8 and 19.4 mm, respectively; although there were no differences between sexes or between right and left eyes, there was positive correlation of optical corneal diameters with increasing age. Mean ACD, CLT, VtCD, and AGL were smaller in Miniature Horses (5.6, 10.0, 18.1, and 33.7 mm, respectively), compared with values for full-sized horses; there was no difference in these variables between sexes or between right and left eyes in Miniature Horses, but they were correlated with increasing age.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—In Miniature Horses, corneal thickness and IOP are similar to values reported for full-sized horses and do not increase with advancing age. Vertical corneal diameter, HCD, and AGL increase until 5, 7, and 2 years of age, respectively. (Am J Vet Res 2003;64:661–665).

Abstract

Objective—To determine corneal thickness, intraocular pressure (IOP), and horizontal and vertical corneal diameter (HCD and VCD) and to obtain axial measurements of the anterior chamber depth (ACD), crystalline lens thickness (CLT), vitreous chamber depth (VtCD), and axial globe length (AGL) in eyes of Miniature Horses.

Animals—41 healthy Miniature Horses.

Procedure—Ocular component measurements were obtained via ultrasonic pachymetry, applanation tonometry, ultrasound, and by use of a Jameson caliper.

Results—Mean IOP and corneal thickness for all eyes were 26.0 mm Hg and 785.6 µm, respectively. There was no correlation of age with IOP or corneal thickness and no difference in these variables between right and left eyes or between females and males. Mean HCD and VCD were 25.8 and 19.4 mm, respectively; although there were no differences between sexes or between right and left eyes, there was positive correlation of optical corneal diameters with increasing age. Mean ACD, CLT, VtCD, and AGL were smaller in Miniature Horses (5.6, 10.0, 18.1, and 33.7 mm, respectively), compared with values for full-sized horses; there was no difference in these variables between sexes or between right and left eyes in Miniature Horses, but they were correlated with increasing age.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—In Miniature Horses, corneal thickness and IOP are similar to values reported for full-sized horses and do not increase with advancing age. Vertical corneal diameter, HCD, and AGL increase until 5, 7, and 2 years of age, respectively. (Am J Vet Res 2003;64:661–665).