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Pharmacokinetics of clomipramine in dogs following single-dose intravenous and oral administration

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  • 1 Novartis Animal Health, Werk Rosenthal, Basel, CH-4002, Switzerland.
  • | 2 Novartis Animal Health, Centre de Recherche Santé Animale, St Aubin, CH-1566, Switzerland.
  • | 3 Novartis Animal Health, Centre de Recherche Santé Animale, St Aubin, CH-1566, Switzerland.
  • | 4 Novartis Animal Health, Werk Rosenthal, Basel, CH-4002, Switzerland.

Abstract

Objective—To determine pharmacokinetics of clomipramine and its principle metabolite (desmethylclomipramine) in the plasma of dogs after IV or oral administration of a single dose.

Animals—6 male and 6 female Beagles.

Procedures—Clomipramine was administered IV (2 mg/kg), PO (4 mg/kg) after food was withheld for 15 hours, and PO (4 mg/kg) within 25 minutes after dogs were fed. Plasma clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine concentrations were measured by use of a gas chromatography with mass-selection method.

Results—Time to peak plasma concentrations of clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine following oral administration was 1.2 hours. For clomipramine, after IV administration, elimination half-life was 5 hours, mean residence time was 3 hours, and plasma clearance was 1.4 L/h/kg. Values for mean residence time and terminal half-life following oral administration were similar to values obtained following IV administration, and systemic bioavailability was approximately 20% for clomipramine and 140% for desmethylclomipramine, indicating fast absorption of clomipramine from the gastrointestinal tract and extensive first-pass metabolism. Administration of clomipramine with food did not alter the area under the concentration versus time curve for desmethylclomipramine but resulted in a 25% increase for clomipramine. Clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine were extensively bound (> 96%) to serum proteins. There were no significant differences in area under the concentration versus time curve between male and female dogs.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results indicate that there should not be any clinically important differences in efficacy regardless of whether clomipramine is administered with or without food. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:74–79)

Abstract

Objective—To determine pharmacokinetics of clomipramine and its principle metabolite (desmethylclomipramine) in the plasma of dogs after IV or oral administration of a single dose.

Animals—6 male and 6 female Beagles.

Procedures—Clomipramine was administered IV (2 mg/kg), PO (4 mg/kg) after food was withheld for 15 hours, and PO (4 mg/kg) within 25 minutes after dogs were fed. Plasma clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine concentrations were measured by use of a gas chromatography with mass-selection method.

Results—Time to peak plasma concentrations of clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine following oral administration was 1.2 hours. For clomipramine, after IV administration, elimination half-life was 5 hours, mean residence time was 3 hours, and plasma clearance was 1.4 L/h/kg. Values for mean residence time and terminal half-life following oral administration were similar to values obtained following IV administration, and systemic bioavailability was approximately 20% for clomipramine and 140% for desmethylclomipramine, indicating fast absorption of clomipramine from the gastrointestinal tract and extensive first-pass metabolism. Administration of clomipramine with food did not alter the area under the concentration versus time curve for desmethylclomipramine but resulted in a 25% increase for clomipramine. Clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine were extensively bound (> 96%) to serum proteins. There were no significant differences in area under the concentration versus time curve between male and female dogs.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results indicate that there should not be any clinically important differences in efficacy regardless of whether clomipramine is administered with or without food. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:74–79)